"Language is the Dress of Thought."
- Samuel Johnson, Writer
FIGURES OF SPEECH
Personification (human qualities to inanimate)
The fire engulfed the car.
The cruel and cold-blooded murder of Tsar and his family was kept secret for many decades.
I told you a thousand times.
‘Tis but a scratch.
hush, oink, click, whoosh, splat, buzz
Caroline passed away yesterday night.
Caesar was an ambitious man. >verbal irony<
Krishna and Kansa >situational irony<
Romeo and Juliet >dramatic irony<
Pun (word play)
Dreamers often lie.
Sad Salesman Sonny Sam
He is regularly irregular.
Metaphor (understanding; substitution/transfer)
Ferrari is a rocket(=fast).
The world is my oyster(=free).
You’re wasting my time.
We’ve arrived at a disturbing conclusion.
Spiders are marching along the wall.
Simile (metaphor that uses words such as “like” or “as”)
Time flies like an arrow.
She’s as cute as a button.
It’s like shooting fish in a barrel.
Note: Every simile is a metaphor.
Synecdoche (substituted by a part of the whole aka meronym)
Metonymy (referential; contiguity)
Ferrari(=car) is a rocket.
Give us this day our daily bread(=food, needs).
The pen(=writing) is mightier than the sword(=war).
Maybe now the suits(=officials) in Washington will listen.
White House(=spokesperson of the Government of the USA) has announced a press meet today afternoon.
White House(=USA) withdrew from the Paris agreement.
Note: In linguistics, synecdoche is often considered as a type of metonymy.